The vintage style has been imposed in recent years as one of the most popular decoration trends. A style that, in addition to its characteristics, design and materials, is defined as furniture and other elements that have a certain retro air, but that still cannot be classified as antiques. An original formula that can range from a simple colour change in the wood or the modelling of the edges to imitate the passage of time.
Different techniques for Antiquing wood
Antiquing wood is achieved by using Judean bitumen, a substance that is used as a stain to give an aged appearance to wooden surfaces.
The first thing we will do is clean the wooden surface to remove dirt, use a wood sealer and let it dry for approximately five hours. Next, we mix the Judean bitumen with a little water, dissolve it and apply the mixture to the wood. With a cloth, we drag the bitumen to create an effect to highlight the imperfections of the wood. Finally, we let it dry, and we will finish retouching in those parts that have not been quite right.
Another technique for antiquing wood is one in which we use vinegar. To do this, we will take a little steel wool, crumble it and put the pieces in a container. Then we pour vinegar over the steel wool and cover the mixture. If you want a light colour tint, you will only have to wait about 15 minutes, but if you want a darker tint, you can wait a few hours or up to a day. Before applying the stain, it is best to sand the wood that we are going to work on. Next, we apply the stain on the wood with a brush and in the direction of the grain, then letting it dry.
If you want to be able to finish an antique wood, even if the furniture is completely new, the pickling trick or technique is also very effective.
Lime is formerly used for this technique, but now bleached wax can be used, that is, a wax that is used or that we can obtain from normal candles.
We have to prepare the wood of the frame by lightly sanding the surface. Next, an even layer of acrylic paint is spread and, when the colour is perfectly dry, rubbed vigorously and always in the same direction of the grain. It does not matter if the wax layer is not homogeneous.
Now a layer of acrylic paint is spread even more, possibly a colour that contrasts with the previous one: first a light tone and then a dark one or vice versa.
When the colour is well dried, clean the wood with a steel wool pad, always along the length of the wood. To complete the job, you must apply a protective finish, starting from the neutral wax that, once dry, will be polished with a soft cloth.
Antiquing furniture is the most economical option we have to have an elegant and vintage-style decoration element. The products that we currently have on the market allow us to age furniture to give the feeling of being before old wood.
Precisely, both the products to be used and the technique that is carried out are essential to achieve the best results. In this technique, the best option is the Chalk Paint technique or chalk painting, since it is ideal for all types of furniture and is very easy and quick to apply.
The first thing we have to do is remove all the handles, drawers and other accessories from the furniture to age it more comfortably. Next, we clean the surface of the furniture well with alcohol, ammonia or a special degreasing product before painting. The next step will be to use chalk paint. The most advisable thing is that it be mineral-based and not plastic since this allows to create a uniform wear effect on the wood.
A chalk paint colour is chosen and applied to the furniture as a base coat, then allowing the paint to dry. The wear effect of the furniture is achieved by applying wax with a brush, a sponge or a cloth. But, yes, only for those areas that we want to wear down, then letting the product dry. Ideally, apply the wax to the corners and edges of the furniture, as well as its nooks and crannies. After this, we apply the second layer of chalk paint. First, we give it a coat, let it dry and then a second coat. Once this second coat has dried, we must sand the areas where we previously applied the wax.
It is best to sand with a fine abrasive pad so that the second colour paint will flake off and the base coat can be seen. Sanding is a fundamental step since the more force you apply to the sandpaper, the more old wood it will look. Finally, we can apply a layer of colourless matte varnish or colourless wax to protect the furniture and give it a final natural finish. A very simple technique and with which an excellent result is achieved.